Music

Curriculum Area: MUSIC
Purpose of Study:

Music is a universal language that embodies one of the highest forms of creativity. A high-quality music education should engage and inspire pupils to develop a love of music and their talent as musicians, and so increase their self-confidence, creativity and sense of achievement. As pupils progress, they should develop a critical engagement with music, allowing them to compose, and to listen with discrimination to the best in the musical canon.

At Calmore Infant School, music is an important part of school life. We endeavour to integrate music into our whole curriculum by incorporating songs, music and rhyme, rhythm and tune into our planning to enhance learning opportunities and through whole school assemblies, events and celebrations.  We improve our singing ability and learn new songs in our whole-school singing assemblies and all our children have the opportunity to perform to parents in our Class Assemblies, Special Event weeks and Nativity Play, and sing regularly at our local church. Extra-curricular clubs include a choir and recorder group which has taken part in the KS1 Recorder Festival and performed at school events

In Year R the children follow the Early Years Foundation Stage Framework in which they work towards the early learning goals in expressive art and design.  Musical dimensions and skills will be developed through topics, themes and children’s interests.  Music is an integral part of our everyday learning in Year R.  The children will experiment using their voices in a variety of ways and explore a wide range of sounds including tuned and untuned percussion during continuous provision.  Wherever possible the children will listen to sounds from different sources and respond to how music makes them feel through practical activities.  Each Music Unit plans will focus on developing a musical dimension and provide a balance of singing, playing and opportunities for creativity across the musical dimensions during the year and will be based on the HMS Pathway to Independence.

A specialist music teacher from Hampshire Music Service delivers our music lessons in Year One and Two through the learning of three different instruments during the course of the year as part of the Listen2Me (L2M) scheme to enrich our curriculum.  A two-year rolling programme is followed to enable the children to experience learning a wider range of instruments and singing.  In cycle one the children in Year 1 and 2 will experience: Voice, Samba and Tuned percussion and in cycle 2 they will experience: Ukulele, African Drums and Recorder. At the end of each term the children perform to their parents in a special concert hosted by the Listen2Me teacher. Where possible our specialist teacher links instrumental lessons and singing to curriculum topics, events and celebrations throughout the year.

National Curriculum Provision
Aims: The national curriculum for Music aims to ensure that all pupils:

·         perform, listen to, review and evaluate music across a range of historical periods, genres, styles and traditions, including the works of the great composers and musicians

·          learn to sing and to use their voices, to create and compose music on their own and with others, have the opportunity to learn a musical instrument, use technology appropriately and have the opportunity to progress to the next level of musical excellence

·         understand and explore how music is created, produced and communicated, including through the inter-related dimensions: pitch, duration, dynamics, tempo, timbre, texture, structure and appropriate musical notations

Key Stage 1 Pupils should be taught to:

·         use their voices expressively and creatively by singing songs and speaking chants and rhymes

·         play tuned and untuned instruments musically

·         listen with concentration and understanding to a range of high-quality live and recorded music

·         experiment with, create, select and combine sounds using the inter-related dimensions of music

 

Programme of Study for Year 1:

The Hampshire L2M Vocal and Instrumental Teaching Programme enables our KS1 children to learn a different instrument each term.

Dimensions:

Pitch: Explore, respond to and recognise high, middle and low sounds

Duration: Explore, respond to and recognise patterns of long and short sounds and to steady beats in music heard and performed

Dynamics: Explore, respond to, recognise and identify loud, moderate, quiet and silence.

Tempo: Explore, respond to, recognise and identify fast, moderate and slow.

Timbre: Use and identify families of school percussion instruments, their sound properties and explore how they could be played. Use and identify vocal sounds and explore how they could be used

Texture: Explore, respond to and recognise solo sounds and layers of sounds.

Structure: Explore, respond to and recognise simple structures including openings and endings (AB), beginning-middle-end, echoes and responses.

Skills:

Singing Explore and use vocal sounds, chant and sing rhymes and songs illustrating character and / or mood building rhythmic and melodic memory.

Playing: Explore and use an increased range of sounds (including body sounds) beginning to use correct percussion techniques and showing awareness of the use of the dominant hand.

Rehearsing and performing: Sing and play in time and follow a range of simple directions including ideas about how to improve.

Notating: Respond to and recognise signs, symbols and other basic graphic notation including those illustrating the musical dimensions.

Listening and responding: Explore, respond to, recognise and identify sounds from different sources and musical moods, features and changes/ contrasts and how music makes you feel.

Describing and discussing: Think and talk about sounds and music and how they make you feel. Use key words relating to the dimensions.

Autumn Term:  Vocal: 

Dimension focus:   Duration and Timbre

Develop vocal skills:  Use warm ups, chants, unison singing, list songs, call and response and introduce simple ostinato accompaniments. In Year 2, pupils will also sing simple rounds and partner songs.  Introduce the idea of breathing together at the end of a line (phrasing). Encourage facial expressions and performance techniques. 

Spring Term:  Samba:

Dimension Focus:   Pitch, Dynamics and Tempo

Develop instrumental skills and technique:  Keep a steady beat

Learn to play samba rhythms. Know the names of the instruments, hold and play them correctly. Play as part of an ensemble, following the leader and listening carefully, combining rhythms to create a simple groove, adding in call and response.

Summer Term: Tuned Percussion:

Dimension Focus:   Texture and Structure

Develop instrumental skills and techniques. Name at least two (three) different instruments and understand why they make different sounds Develop beater technique: Recognise that notes have names and begin to understand the order of the notes. In Year 2, the children will also recognise their ascending and descending order and begin to understand and re-order scales to create melodies. Sing and play in unison and in parts.

In each Listen 2 Me unit, pupils are encouraged to:

·         Listen and respond their own and others’ music-making; listen to, review and evaluate music from range of genres, traditions and periods of time.

·         Make decisions about their music and demonstrate their learning in a creative response.

·         Start to develop rehearsal and practice routines and strategies in preparation for their end of unit performance

.         Reflect on their performance at all times.

Programme of Study for Year 2:

Dimensions:

Pitch: Respond to, recognise and identify higher and lower sounds and the general shape of melodies. Begin to recognise steps, leaps and repeated. notes

Duration: Respond to, recognise and distinguish between steady beat and rhythm pattern and how they fit together.

Dynamics: Respond to, recognise and identify getting louder and quieter.

Tempo: Respond to, recognise and identify getting faster and slower

Timbre: Identify and choose the way sounds are made and can be used

Texture: Respond to and begin to recognise and use different layers including simple accompaniments.

Structure: Respond to, recognise and identify a range of repetition and contrast structures including Q and A, verse and chorus, ABA.

Skills

Singing:  Explore and use vocal tones, chant and sing a wider variety of rhymes and songs with an awareness of character and/ or mood. Use simple vocal patterns as accompaniments.

Playing: Demonstrate accuracy and control of correct technique on a range of untuned and tuned percussion instruments. Begin to play with musical intent.

Rehearsing and performing:  Sing and play in time and follow a wider range of simple directions, develop awareness of why and how to improve.

Notating:  Respond to, identify and use symbols and other graphic notation illustrating the musical dimensions including representations of rhythm and pitch.

Listening and responding:  Respond to, identify, and distinguish between sounds and music in different contexts. Begin to consider how music illustrates the composer’s ideas.

Describing and discussing:  Think and talk about what you hear, begin to explore the ideas behind the music and how they make.

Autumn Term:  Vocal: 

Dimension focus:   Duration and Timbre

Develop vocal skills:  Use warm ups, chants, unison singing, list songs, call and response and introduce simple ostinato accompaniments. In Year 2, pupils will also sing simple rounds and partner songs.  Introduce the idea of breathing together at the end of a line (phrasing). Encourage facial expressions and performance techniques. 

Spring Term:  Samba:

Dimension Focus:   Pitch, Dynamics and Tempo

Develop instrumental skills and technique:  Keep a steady beat
Learn to play samba rhythms. Know the names of the instruments, hold and play them correctly. Play as part of an ensemble, following the leader and listening carefully, combining rhythms to create a simple groove, adding in call and response.

Summer Term: Tuned Percussion:

Dimension Focus:   Texture and Structure

Develop instrumental skills and techniques. Name at least two (three) different instruments and understand why they make different sounds Develop beater technique: Recognise that notes have names and begin to understand the order of the notes. In Year 2, the children will also recognise their ascending and descending order and begin to understand and re-order scales to create melodies. Sing and play in unison and in parts.

In each Listen 2 Me unit, pupils are encouraged to:
·         Listen and respond their own and others’ music-making; listen to, review and evaluate music from range of genres, traditions and periods of time.
·         Make decisions about their music and demonstrate their learning in a creative response.
·         Start to develop rehearsal and practice routines and strategies in preparation for their end of unit performance
.         Reflect on their performance at all times.