Curriculum Area History
Purpose of Study:
A high-quality history education will help pupils gain a coherent knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past and that of the wider world. It should inspire pupils’ curiosity to know more about the past. Teaching should equip pupils to ask perceptive questions, think critically, weigh evidence, sift arguments, and develop perspective and judgement. History helps pupils to understand the complexity of people’s lives, the process of change, the diversity of societies and relationships between different groups, as well as their own identity and the challenges of their time.
At Calmore Infant School we teach History through our Integrated Curriculum projects.
In the Foundation Stage (Year R), the children learn about themselves and their own family history. They explore their own family history and piece together significant events of their own past! This enables them to become familiar with the present time period and relate it directly to themselves, helping to establish their own identity.
As the children enter Year 1, History skills are further integrated into exciting projects where they investigate everyday life in the past and the development of transport. They visit Beaulieu Motor Museum and Beaulieu Manor and investigate similarities and differences between places, people and ways of life in different times Children learn about significant historical events, people and places in their own locality. The topic on Florence Nightingale allows children to find out more about the life of a local famous person and the changes that came about through her experienced in the Crimean war
In Year 2, the children develop their knowledge and skills further. Great Fire of London! is an exciting enquiry based project where children learn about historical events around the Great Fire of London, that are beyond their living memory to embed historical knowledge and skills previously taught in year one. They also find out more about life in the past through the topic if Castles where they visit Porchester Castle.
National Curriculum Provision
Aims: The national curriculum for History aims to ensure that all pupils:
- know and understand the history of these islands as a coherent, chronological narrative, from the earliest times to the present day: how people’s lives have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world
- know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations; the expansion and dissolution of empires; characteristic features of past non-European societies; achievements and follies of mankind
- gain and deploy a historically grounded understanding of abstract terms such as ‘empire’, ‘civilisation’, ‘parliament’ and ‘peasantry’
- understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, cause and consequence, similarity, difference and significance, and use them to make connections, draw contrasts, analyse trends, frame historically-valid questions and create their own structured accounts, including written narratives and analyses
- understand the methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is used rigorously to make historical claims, and discern how and why contrasting arguments and interpretations of the past have been constructed
- gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between local, regional, national and international history; between cultural, economic, military, political, religious and social history; and between short- and long-term timescales.
- significant historical events, people and places in their own locality
Subject Content KS1:
Pupils should develop an awareness of the past, using common words and phrases relating to the passing of time. They should know where the people and events they study fit within a chronological framework and identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods. They should use a wide vocabulary of everyday historical terms. They should ask and answer questions, choosing and using parts of stories and other sources to show that they know and understand key features of events. They should understand some of the ways in which we find out about the past and identify different ways in which it is represented.
Pupils will be taught about:
- changes within living memory. Where appropriate, these should be used to reveal aspects of change in national life
- events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally or example, the Great Fire of London, Gunpowder plot and commemorations through festivals or anniversaries
- the lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements. Some should be used to compare aspects of life in different periods significant historical events, people and places in their own locality
Progression of skills
Overview of coverage and topics